Memorial Complex "Brest Fortress"
Brest Fortress, one of the most important places in Belarus, dates back to the 19th century and became a key symbol of Soviet resistance in World War 2.
History of Brest Fortress
Brest Fortress was built in the 1830s-early 1840s at the meeting-point of the rivers Bug and Mukhavyets.During construction, the entire town was relocated to a new position 2km away. St Nicolas Church was built in 1851-1876. Much of it was severely damaged during World War 2.
The site occupies more than four square km, although many of the outer defences were damaged or destroyed during the wars of the 20th century.
There is a citadel at the centre of the fortress, linked to three artificial island fortifications by bridgeheads:
- Kobrin fortification (north-eastern side)
- Terespol fortification (western island)
- Volyn fortification (south-eastern island)
In 1939 Brest Fortress was assigned to the Soviet Union. It earned the title of Hero Fortress for the courage demonstrated by Soviet soldiers when they fought against the German army in 1941. Whilst the Nazis took the town of Brest – 90% of which was destroyed in the fighting – the two regiments garrisoned inside the fortress held out.
For the people of Belarus, Brest Fortress remains a famous symbol of the Soviet resistance during World war 2.
Brest Fortress today
Brest Fortress is one of the most important places to see in Belarus and by far the largest tourist attraction in Brest.
The fortress was not rebuilt at the end of the war, but instead became a shrine to the terrible and heroic events that took place there.
The entry of the fortress represents a huge star cut into a concrete block. The radio announcer informs about the invasion of the German army.
As you walk up to the centre of the fortress you see "Thirst", a large monument depicting an injured soldier trying to get some water from the river. The monument reflects the bravery of the last remaining soldiers who defended the Fortress for many days without food or water.
The main part of the memorial is the Square of Ceremonies, leading to the Museum of the Defence of Brest fortress and the ruins of the White Palace.
The Bayonet Obelisk, 100m high, can be seen from any part of the fortress, and is linked to the main Courage monument by 3 rows of tombstones. Only 216 of the 850 defenders who died here are known.
The Courage monument stands 33.5m high and tells the story of the heroic defence of the fortress through a series of carvings. There is an eternal flame which is guarded by 4 teenagers from the Pioneers Corps.
There is an Eternal Fire in front of the remnants of the former engineering department.
Further in to the Fortress you will find the iconic Kholmsky Gate, with its bullet-riddled walls.
This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on January 30, 2004, in the Cultural category
With a great history behind the fortress, its a must see!
Be sure to visit.
For thoughtful travelers Brest fortress is best to allocate a whole day.
In the fortress there are guides. The cost of excursions with a guide 36 EUR for the group.
At the entrance to the fortress excursions offer for 60 EUR.
Very strong impressions of the visit.
Для вдумчивого знакомства с Брестской крепостью лучше всего выделить целый день.
В крепости есть гиды. Стоимость экскурсии с гидом 36 BYR за группу.
У входа в крепость экскурсии предлагают за 60 BYR.
Очень сильные впечатления от посещения.
A large area for inspection. The fortress is well worth a visit. Clean and tidy, and the whole of Belarus.
Memorial is great, amazing knowledgeable tour guides anxiously relating to their work.
All the impression smears habalki, sitting in the visitor centre. Rudeness, remaining from the Soviet era indestructible. "From out of your Russia, and we have tour guides is not enough"! Forced us to grovel at a woman with a small child, who asked her to organize a tour for a child.
Все впечатление размазывается хабалками, сидящими в бюро экскурсий. Хамство, оставшееся с советских времен неистребимо. "Понаехали из этой вашей России, а у нас экскурсоводов не хватает"! Заставили при нас унижаться женщину с маленьким ребенком, попросившую организовать ей экскурсию для ребенка.
Awesome site worth visiting while in brest
Memorial impressive and permeated with bravery, courage, and dramatic events. Touches the depths of your soul.
Very Interesting. Would like to take a look at everything. Have great interest in Russian history. A lot of German yet.
Before world war II, worked there with my grandparents as a child can double was there. With pleasure I will visit again this place, and Brest.
site historic that I always wanted to know, and for the first time I see as lucia in the field and some new pictures to my. if you could send me the plan of the fortress before the 22/6/1941 and more pictures and stories so I could download them for free lo agradeceria.
this is really a luxury the tools of Google plus it is simple to find all what you want with it.