Tadeusz Kościuszko Monument
Lesser Poland Voivodeship
Tadeusz Kościuszko Monument in Kraków is one of the best known bronze monuments in Poland. It is the work of artists: Leonard Marconi and his son in law, sculptor Antoni Popiel.
The equestrian bronze statue of Kościuszko — Polish, Belarussian and American hero of independence — is located along the west side entrance to the Wawel Castle.
The statue was cast in 1900 thanks to the efforts of newly formed Tadeusz Kościuszko Society. But it was erected in the place no less than twenty years later in 1920-24 once the Polish state reestablished its independence following World War I. The statue was destroyed by the Germans in 1940 during the Nazi German occupation of Poland. Its current replica, erected in 1960, is a gift to the City of Kraków from the people of Dresden. Its duplicate was also erected in Detroit, Michigan in 1978, as a gift from the people of Kraków.
In Kościuszko's times, the Polish state had been twice partitioned by its neighbors: Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Prussia. In 1794, Kościuszko initiated an insurrection in the Kraków's Main Square which, in spite of his victorious Battle of Racławice against numerically superior Russian army, resulted in a tragic third and final partition of Poland.
Prior to leading the 1794 Uprising, Kościuszko had fought in the American Revolutionary War as a Colonel in the Continental Army. In 1783, in recognition of his service, he had been brevetted by the Continental Congress to the rank of Brigadier General and granted citizenship of the United States.
Tadeusz Kościuszko died in Switzerland on October 15, 1817. His body was first buried in a crypt of a Jesuit church in Solothurn, from where he was moved a year later to the St. Leonard's Crypt at the Wawel Cathedral, next to where his monument now stands.
A very interesting monument. In addition, it is worth Recalling that this is a copy of the monument that stands in Washington, DC. In Warsaw is set to 100-th anniversary of the opening of the first monument in the United States.
Pretty as the rest of the hill