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The Yama Memorial

The Yama Memorial

Minsk, Belarus

 
4.5 (9)
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Address
Melnikaite str.
Minsk
Minsk Region
Belarus

The Yama (the Pit) monument is devoted to the victims of the Holocaust. It was built on the site where, on March 2, 1942, the Nazi shot about 5000 prisoners of the Minsk Ghetto.

The stone pillar was erected in 1947. There is a Yiddish inscription on it written by poet Chaim Maltinski: «In bright remembrance for all eternity of the 5,000 Jews who perished at the hands of the cruel enemies of humanity — the Nazi criminals, March 2, 1942”. It was the first monument in the former Soviet Union with a Yiddish inscription to pay tribute to the victims of the genocide.

Later Maltinski and stonemason Mordukh Sprishen were arrested (in 1949 and in 1952 correspondingly) and sent to labor camps on charges of «cosmopolitanism — the manifestation of Jewish bourgeois nationalism», including for daring to write a phrase about the Jews.

  • The Yama Memorial

    The Yama Memorial

  • The Yama Memorial

    The Yama Memorial

  • The Yama Memorial
  • The Yama Memorial

A bronze sculpture built along the staircase and entitled «The Last Path» was added to the complex in 2000. It represents a group of doomed martyrs, walking down the steps of the pit. It took 8 years to complete the monument. The sculpture was created by architect Leonid Levin and sculptors Else Pollack and Alexander Finski. 

No machinery was used during the construction process and all work was done by hand. 

According to the original plan for the group sculpture it was to be more detailed (figures of a violinist or a pregnant woman represented more collective characters), but eventually the monument was left with an expressive aesthetic, devoid of national colors.

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Interesting Monument in remembrance of the victims of the holocaust ( Run in front of an open grave was the most common mode of dying in Blagovshchina. The exact number of jews killed in Belarus during World War II is unknown, the figures vary between 250,000 and a million. What we do know is that here were four of the large concentration camps of Europe. One of them, Maly Trostenets, the second in the tragic importance of the continent, stood nearby Blagovshchina)

This review was automatically translated from Spanish. Click to view original review.
Interesante Monumento en recuerdo a las victimas del holocausto ( Ejecutado frente a una fosa abierta era el modo más común de morir en Blagovshchina. El número exacto de judíos asesinados en Bielorrusia durante la II Guerra Mundial se desconoce las cifras varían entre 250.000 y un millón. Lo que sí se sabe es que aquí estuvieron cuatro de los grandes campos de concentración de Europa. Uno de ellos, Maly Trostenets, el segundo en trágica importancia del continente, se alzaba cerca de Blagovshchina)
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Well by the fact that these places still have not yet rewrote the story and they remind you that humanity needs to move away from solving problems on the animal level -the destruction of opponents under the guise of good intentions-the construction of a new society

This review was automatically translated from Russian. Click to view original review.
Отлично по тому что эти места ещё есть, ещё не переписали историю и они напоминают что человечеству пора отойти от решения проблем на животном уровне -уничтожением оппонентов прикрываясь благими намерениями -строительство нового общества
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Loved the memorial gives us something to ponder

This review was automatically translated from Russian. Click to view original review.
Очень понравился мемориал, заставляет задуматься о многом
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Excellent very nice very tidy micho toilet

This review was automatically translated from Spanish. Click to view original review.
Exelente muy lindo muy ordenado micho aseo
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Great place. The memorial outside the tourist routes

This review was automatically translated from Russian. Click to view original review.
Отличное место. Мемориал в стороне от туристических маршрутов
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Learned from the reports of Onliner.by. Interesting place. So much lived and learned just now(

This review was automatically translated from Russian. Click to view original review.
Узнал из репортажей онлайнера. Интересное место. Столько жил,а узнал только сейчас(
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A very memorable monument

This review was automatically translated from Russian. Click to view original review.
Очень запоминающийся памятник
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The monument to the victims of the Holocaust. Like in Kiev, Babi Yar. Very similar place.

This review was automatically translated from Russian. Click to view original review.
Памятник жертвам холокоста. Такой как в Киеве Бабий яр. Очень похоже место.
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Zaslavsky Jewish monument

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