The synagogue in Kyiv was built thanks to the entrepreneur Lazar Brodsky, who in the 90-ies of the 19th century decided that the Jews living in the city need a place for meetings.
The permissions for building of synagogues in the city was issued personally by the Minister of the Internal Affairs, who was not allowed Jews to build houses of worship nor in the Central part of Kyiv, neither in remote parts. Therefore spectacular project of the synagogue was rejected by provincial authorities. But it was permitted to adapt residential or business premises for ritual purposes. Lazar Brodsky and the Kyiv Rabbi Evsey Tsukkerman sent a complaint to St. Petersburg. They attached a drawing of the side facade of the synagogue to the complaint and therefore the building resembled a house. The Senate took the side of Brodsky. And in 1898, at the 50th anniversary of Lazar Brodsky, a solemn opening of the synagogue took place. The ceremony was attended by senior provincial officials who had worked so hard to ensure that it did not take place.
In 2008, the Jewish community was celebrating 110 years of the synagogue.