The Rosenberg Synagogue also known as the Podil Synagogue, or synagogue of the Kiev Jewish religious community. It is the oldest of Kiev synagogues.
Synagogue in Podil was built in 1894-1895 by the merchant Gabriel-Jacob Geselevich Rosenberg, who owned the land parcel and subsequently the building itself. Since the construction of synagogues in Kyiv of those times was difficult because of limited rights to reside in city of the Jews, Rosenberg originally agreed to the city authorities the construction of a personal mansion, and then received permission from the provincial government reconstruction of mansion to the prayer house.
During Soviet times, the synagogue in Podil remained active until 1929, but then authorities closed and transferred it to the district club of workers-handicraftsmen. However at the end of the WWII, in 1945, the activities of synagogue was resumed. In 1950-ies on major Jewish holidays the synagogue was visited by up to 30,000 believers and it has been the only functioning synagogue in Kyiv for a long time.
At present days in synagogue are the central offices of the Jewish Confederation of Ukraine, the Union of Jewish religious organizations of Ukraine and the Kyiv city Jewish community. Synagogue in Podil is the seat of the chief Rabbi of Ukraine and Kyiv.