Jozef Pilsudski Monument

Krakow, Poland

 
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Address
ul. Retoryka
Krakow
Lesser Poland Voivodeship
Poland
You may notice a lot of Pilsudski in Krakow: between Pilsudski Street, Pilsudski Mound andthe Pilsudski House and the Pilsudski monument would be justified to ask whether this was the most famous Krakowiak of all time. In fact, this general, politician and revolutionary, is an important figure for the Poles across the country thanks to his contributions to Polish independence after 123 years of partitioned Poland (a period during which the country was occupied by Prussia, Russia and Austria-Hungary, and absent from the map of the world).
Born in 1867 in what was then Imperial Russia, Pilsudski developed an early distaste for the imperium's Russification policies, and was arrested and exiled to Siberia at the age of twenty years, of plotting to assassinate the Tsar. In 1892, when he was finally allowed to return, he joined the Socialist Party Polish and began publishing an underground socialist newspaper. As the Russo-Japanese War erupted in 1904, Pilsudski, never turn down a good fight, has formed a paramilitary unit, possibly using bombs to assassinate selected Russian police officers, and, without success, attempted to launch one of the Polish workers ' uprising.
The first world WAR rolled around, and Pilsudski continued on the same trajectory, the mobilization of a part of the company, to Krakow and to send it to the Russian-occupied Warsaw, in the hope to start a national uprising - another endeavour doomed to failure. The military has had more success with his Legions in poland, established soon after, which took part in many victorious battles. Initially supporting the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria) against Russia, he has changed sides in 1917, it became obvious that the Central Powers are not able to guarantee Polish independence, he hoped that the Agreement would be more favourable. In July of this year, he forbade his troops to make an oath of fidelity to Emperor William II of Germany, enraging the Central Powers. This has resulted not only in the Polish troops to be sent to prison camps or forcefully conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian Army and Polnische Wehrmaht, but also to the arrest of Pilsudski. Oddly enough, many Poles viewed this as a show of determination by a leader is not afraid to take on the distribution of powers, and his popularity soared. Pilsudski was finally released in November 1918, three days before the Armistice, and was soon appointed Commander in Chief of Polish forces and entrusted with the construction of a national government for the newly independent Poland, serving as the Head of State until 1922.
The idea of celebrating the human condition with a memorial was first put forward that in the same year, 1922. As it happened, the project was put aside in order to focus on the construction of the jozef pilsudski House (al. 3 Maja 7), a new modernist structure located on the premises from which the First wave of the Company, mobilized by Pilsudski, set out for Russia at the beginning of the first world WAR. The building was completed in 1935, but before long the second world WAR broke out in Europe, and the memorial has been delayed even more, by the time of the end of the war and the new communist government took over, no mention of Pilsudski was a no-no because of its anti-Russian and anti-communist points of view. During this time, the pro-Pilsudski sentiment brewed among the Polish populace, and the fall of communism has brought a new flare-up of the commemorative efforts. Since 1989, the two figures began to dominate the landscape, the monuments arise to the left and to the right: our man Pilsudski and Pope John Paul II.
This third part of the statue, conveniently located on Pilsudski Street, was unveiled in 2008 thanks to the efforts of the Shooters of the Company, organization, dating back to the 13th or 14th century, when their main purpose was the training of civilians to be able to defend the walls of the city. Created by Czeslaw Dzwigaj, also responsible for churning out nearly fifty Pope John Paul II, the monument represents a large and intimidating hairy Pilsudski watch more of four Polish Legions of soldiers, apparently plagiarized from an earlier work by Jan Raszka. An 8.5 m mast of the flag, surrounded by a foliage of laurel, complete the memorial.

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