One of the most forgotten places in Krakow, the Liban Quarry or Liban Labor Camp, let you to explore Kraków's World War II history in your own terms. You will not see this site in popular tourists guides or history books. It's just because there are no gloss and shine. And there you will interpret history as you like.
Liban Quarry - is a former labor camp of the Nazis, which was located near Krakow on the territory of the quarries in the hills called Kremenki-Podgursky. The camp was operating from 15 April 1942 till 22 July 1944. There were about 400 prisoners, and about 4 thousands of people were took through the camp.
Liban Camp today
A small, discreet, overgrown and easily overlooked memorial for 21 prisoners executed during the liquidation of the camp lies beside the cliffside at the Za Torem end of the site. Incredible limestone cliffs, ponds and dense vegetation are as breath-taking as the rusting refinery equipment, fence posts, gravestones and tangles of barbed wire that can still be found amongst the brush here. Certainly, the creepiest site of the complex - is the central pathway paved with Jewish headstones. If you came here on your own, you will surely want to know these feelings that you are not genuine in this world.
In 1993 Steven Spielberg used Liban as the set of the scenes from Schindler's List. During filming, barracks and watchtowers were set-up around the quarry. Most of them were removed, but some traces still remain confusingly mixed with the genuine historical leftovers from the war.
How to get to Liban Quarry
There are two entrances there: one official and one is not.
Official is at Za Torem street side and guards a likely dows not speak English, so you most possibly will not enter there.
The best way to start is by climbing to the top of Krakus Mound where you will get an exciting views on quarry from the top. From there the walking trail leads from the south-side og the mound to Podgórze Cemetery. At the corner of the cemetery you will easily find the way through the fence. And please remember that you are doing all this at your own risk.